Nyepa or Vital Principles

nyes pa

Biological manifestations of the five elements.

According to the concept of Tibetan medicine vital principles or nyepas present in the body from the moment of conception until the moment of destruction (death). Until their balance is disrupted they are responsible for the development and normal functioning of the body, as well as physiological aging and death. In this case they are called creative forces (‘du ba). Imbalance of nyepa leads to diseases. Therefore they are called diseases (nad) or harming forces (gnod byed). There are three vital principles: rLung (rlung), Tripa (mkhris pa), Badkan (bad kan).

1) བོད་གངས་ཅན་པའི་གསོ་བ་རིག་པའི་དཔལ་ལྡན་རྒྱུད་བཞི་སོགས་ཀྱི་བརྡ་དང་དཀའ་གནད་འགའ་ཞིག་བཀྲོལ་བ་སྔོན་བྱོན་མཁས་པའི་གསུང་རྒྱུན་གཡུ་ཐོག་དགོངས་རྒྱན། //བཀྲ་ཤིས་དབང་འདུས ,// 1982. pp. 2, 22, 725. pp. 48 plts. (Tibetan) (Illustrated dictionary arranged in Tibetan alphabetical order with vocabulary from the Rgyud-bzhi, the Brgyad-pa'i-snying-po-bsdus-pa, and the Sman-dpyad-zla-ba'i-rgyal-po).

2) བོད་ལུགས་གསོ་རིག་ཚིག་མཛོད་ཆེན་མོ། // Pecin 2006 pp. 1054 ill (Tibetan) Comprehensive modern dictionary of Tibetan Medicine terminology.

3) བོད་ལུགས་སྨན་རྩིས་ཀྱི་ཚིགས་མཛོད་བོད་དབྱིན་ཤན་སྦྱར:Tibetan-English Dictionary of Tibetan Medicine and Astrology. // Dr. Tsering Thakchoe Drungtso & Tsering Dolma Drungtso // Drungtso Publisher, Dharamsala. 1999. pp. 13, 339.

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