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Symptoms and diseases

Tren tumor

སྐྲན
tren
skran

skran

Example of external, intermediate and internal tren tumors.

Tren tumor is a round shape neoplasm arising in various organs and tissues as a result of disturbance of digesting of nutrients/nutritional essence (dwangs ma) of the food or its waste products (snyigs ma).

This class of diseases is described in the Chapter №7 of Oral Instructions Tantra (the third one of the 4 Tantras of Gyu Shi) referring to "the treatment of chronic diseases" cathegory.

There are several ways to classify tren tumors.

There are 11 varieties of tumors according to its type:

  1. Zetren (བད་ཀན་ཟས་སྐྲན Wyl: bad kan zas skran) arises because of encapsulation of undigested food residues by the gastric and intestinal mucus.
  2. Lhentren (ལྷན་སྐྲན Wyl: lhan skran) – gastric mucus rolls in tren tumor in the epigastric area.
  3. Dotren (རྡོ་སྐྲན Wyl: rdo skran) – calculi or stones.
  4. Lhingtren (རླུང་གི་ལྷིང་སྐྲན Wyl: rlung gi lhing skran) – unstable neoplasm arises due to disturbance of rLung’s (rlung) circulation which can increase and decrease.
  5. Tragtren (ཁྲག་སྐྲན Wyl: khrag skran) – blood tren.
  6. Tritren (མཁྲིས་སྐྲན Wyl: mkhris skran) – gall tren.
  7. Tsatren (རྩ་སྐྲན Wyl: rtsa skran) – vessel tren.
  8. Putren (སྤུ་སྐྲན Wyl: spu skran) – lumps of of hair accumulating in the stomach.
  9. Sintren (སྲིན་སྐྲན Wyl: srin skran) – trens because of sinbu (srin bu), parasites’ cysts.
  10. Chutren (ཆུ་སྐྲན Wyl: chu skran) – tren tumor containing chuser (chu ser) or cysts.
  11. Nagtren (རྣག་སྐྲན Wyl: nag skran) – tren tumor with purulent contents.

In accordance with the striked organ there are tren tumors of the lungs, heart, diaphragm, liver, spleen, kidneys, gall bladder, stomach, large intestine, small intestine, bladder and uterus speak about.

In summary, they can be reduced to three categories:

  • tren tumors arisen on the outer surface of hollow organs, as well as between the skin and muscles refer to the external tren (ཕྱི་སྐྲན Wyl: phyi skran);
  • tren tumors arisen on the outer surface of the solid organs or inside hollow organs belong to the middle or intermediate tren (བར་སྐྲན Wyl: bar skran);
  • tren tumor arisen in the thickness of dense and hollow organs refer to internal tren (ནང་སྐྲན Wyl: nang skran);

From the viewpoint of Western medicine tren tumors correspond to different benign tumors.


1) བོད་ལུགས་གསོ་རིག་ཚིག་མཛོད་ཆེན་མོ། Pecin, 2006, pp. 1054, ill ISBN 7-105-07607-0 (Tibetan) Comprehensive modern dictionary of Tibetan Medicine terminology.

2) ཁྲོ་རུ་ཚེ་རྣམ “གསོ་རིག་རྒྱུད་བཞིའི་འགྲེལ་ཆེན་དྲང་སྲོང་ཞལ་ལུང་།” སི་ཁྲོན་མི་རིགས་དཔེ་སྐྲུན་ཁང , 2001, vv. 6 ISBN 7-5409-2535-3 (Tibetan) - A Great Comment on Four Tantras (rGyud bzhi) written by Troru Tsenam.

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